Podiatry is an exciting profession currently approved by the medical professions council in Australia, specializing in diagnosing and treating various conditions affecting the feet and its associated bones and joints. Special fields of podiatry have developed, ranging from primary wound care to advanced surgery. Today, many people suffer from painful foot problems that can become debilitating, and these problems can range from fungal infections to bone fractures. A podiatrist can help them get back their feet or offer them valuable advice on preventing future injury.
The term ‘podiatry’ actually stems from the Greek words meaning ‘foot doctor’. The profession focuses on treating foot disorders and conditions by providing their patients with diagnostic and therapeutic care. Their main specialty is lower extremity biomechanics; this includes abnormal foot movement and foot deformities caused by abnormal foot biomechanics. In addition, their treatments aim to provide their patients with relief from pain and disability brought about by such conditions.
In the field of orthopaedic medicine, the most common form of podiatry in Podiatry Adelaide employed by doctors is biomechanics. This is the study of the feet and ankles, in particular their alignment and movement. They look into the mechanics of the ankle and the foot to determine the cause of abnormal movement and function and develop orthotics for treating such conditions. Orthotics are specially designed shoes or splints to correct abnormal foot function and movement and reduce pain.
Another important specialty of podiatry is known as podiatry physiology. Physiologists diagnose and treat conditions relating to the structure and function of the limb and foot. There are two significant areas of podiatry physiology: pathophysiology and patholypology. Pathophysiology deals with the diagnosis, causes, and treatments of the physical condition of a patient’s feet and legs. Patholypology, on the other hand, studies the pathology of the foot and lower limb disorders.
Podiatric surgeons in Podiatry Adelaide also specialize in paediatrics. Paediatricians treat and cure problems that affect the development and growth of children. Some of these include congenital abnormalities in the foot and lower leg structure; arthritis, malignant tumours; traumatic injuries; and diseases related to abnormal gait. Most podiatrists can treat all of these conditions, although some require surgery.
Other areas of podiatry are pregnancy, trauma, geriatric, cardiology, dermatology, orthopaedics, paediatric, and women’s health. In addition, some conditions affecting the foot and lower limb structure require specialized treatments. For example, arthritic conditions affect the joints and surrounding tissues and affect the nerves, muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, and tendinous tissue. All of these conditions need to be treated by a specialist in podiatry.